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triangle of fire

Most firefighters will recognise the image (above), it is used in text books and in classrooms to teach the very basics of firefighting, you need all three sides of there fire triangle for fire to occur. We cannot control the heat of any given day, we cannot control how much oxygen is in the air but we can control many types of fuel loads.

Given that the fire triangle is such a simple and basic concept then why is the “F” word (Fuel) omitted from many news articles, papers and other references to the worsening bushfire threats to our communities. See the news examples below…

Regardless of your views on climate change, it is a “no-brainer” that fuel reduction plays a vital role in reducing the frequency and severity of big bushfires.

Many argue that because of climate change, the window of opportunity to conduct fuel reduction activities has become smaller. Because of many decades of fuel accumulation (and perhaps some possible elements of climate change), fuel reduction has become more challenging and the window of opportunity has indeed become smaller.

Enormous amounts of money is being spent each year upon fire suppression. If we were to increase our spending upon fuel reduction and improved land management practices (by everyone, not just governments) we would:

  • Save money
  • Save lives, and
  • Save the environment.

The articles (below) are calling for more human resources (more firefighters) and it would be great to see this problem addressed. If we had more human resources instead of large aircraft and other post incident expenditure, we could focus more upon fuel reduction activities. It is also worth noting that burning (hazard reduction) activities are a great way to train and prepare our firefighters for those bad days.

A wise man once said “the only fires that you guys can put out are the ones that are doing some good“.

Where is the F word in this news article?

ABC News Logo

Firefighting resources need rethink as seasons become longer, more intense, fire authorities say

By Lucy Carter – Posted 29 Feb 2016, 4:19pm – click the logo (above) to read the original news article.

Fire authorities are calling for a rethink of Australia’s firefighting resources as fire seasons extend across the country.

As the end of summer approaches there is little relief expected for firefighters, with hot and dry conditions forecast to continue around Australia for weeks.

Fire authorities say the country’s extending and worsening fire seasons, caused by climate change, are resulting in a struggle to staff fire stations for the first time.

New South Wales firefighter Darin Sullivan says that after 20 years in the job, he has observed a trend of longer and more intense fire seasons in the last few years.

“When you are doing 24–48 hour campaigns, and sometimes longer more recently, it can be very fatiguing and very, very hard, arduous work,” Mr Sullivan told The World Today.

“We are seeing that impact on our professional paid firefighters, we are seeing it on our volunteer firefighters.”

Mr Sullivan has no doubt a hotter climate is to blame for the higher intensity and duration of fire seasons.

“Climate change definitely at our end appears to be having an impact on the cause of fires and certainly the duration and intensity of fires,” he said.

“We’ve got fire seasons getting longer, the off-seasons are getting shorter and the fires that are occurring are getting more erratic and certainly more intense.”

So far in the 2015–2016 fire season, eight people have died and more than 350 homes have been lost across Australia.

Mr Sullivan, also president of the Fire Brigade Employees Union, said conditions were stretching firefighting resources to breaking point.

For the first time, firefighting units were having to borrow staff from interstate just to keep stations operational, he said.

“We’ve had firefighters travel interstate to assist other fire services with the fires themselves, and that’s always been the case,” Mr Sullivan said.

“But what we are seeing now is a trend where the fires are becoming so catastrophic and so large — to try and deal with that the fire services are struggling to actually resource and staff their local fire stations.

“So the interstate deployments are not only coming down to help out with the fire itself but we are now seeing arrangements — Victoria and New South Wales have done this recently — where they have had to go interstate to help each other actually staff the fire stations.”

Interstate firefighters ‘can be recipe for disaster’

Australian Firefighters Climate Alliance spokesman Paul Gray said bringing staff in from interstate had its risks.

“Fire services manage it well with task forces, they keep it simple. But you can understand — if you drag somebody a couple of thousand kilometres from where they are used to, terrain differences, environment differences, weather differences — there can be a bit of a recipe for disaster if it’s not managed well,” Mr Gray said.

A firefighter himself, Mr Gray said Australia needed more fire fighters, but they were not being hired.

“In fact, Queensland had a freeze on recruitment for close to 18 months under the previous government,” he said.

“The more fire crews you have on the ground, the more peak response you can have towards major instances and stop them getting out of control.

“It also allows you to rotate and rehabilitate crews at protracted incidents and protracted fire seasons.”

Mr Gray said firefighters also needed better equipment to help cope with hotter conditions and longer days.

Audit of fire management resources needed

Both Mr Sullivan and Mr Gray agree that a rethink is needed into how Australia manages its firefighting resources.

“We think there needs to be a ground-up approach to this. We think that all fire services in Australia really need to have a bit of a clean sweep,” Mr Sullivan said.

“I know that in most jurisdictions there is a duplication of service. We’ve got overlapping and duplicated uses of urban firefighters and our rural fire fighters, so [we need] a ground-up approach to restructures.

“We think we are going to need more firefighters on the ground, especially our permanent paid firefighters, because whether it’s terrorism, whether it’s catastrophic bushfires effected by climate change, we are going to need more resources on the ground to fight these fires.”

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2 thoughts on “Let’s not forget fuel?

  • March 20, 2016 at 9:40 am
    Permalink

    This post also highlights the inappropriate NSW RFS quote that we have 70,000 volunteers ready to go. That figure may represent the numbers of people on the books but it does not accurately reflect the numbers of firefighters who are ready to jump onto a truck and respond to fires.
    We must stop using that figure to prop up the NSW RFS claims for funding.
    If we had 70,000 then we would not need to import firefighters whenever we have a fire that extends over a number of days…
    The governments in all States and Territories need to spend more time and money on improved land management and hazard reduction. They will save huge amounts of money that can be spent on other projects like hospitals, education, roads, the drug problem and many other worthwhile projects.

  • March 29, 2016 at 5:07 pm
    Permalink

    Well written.
    This is a conversation that needs to be had. More mitigation with more real training in land management, cooler burns and hands on understanding of how this really affects us all.
    Love the quote at the end! Why is it we only seem to put out the fires that are not doing any harm?

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